This DIY home alarm systems web page is about the installation process of hardwired home alarm systems.
Installing a hardwired system in a home that is completely finished & furnished will make the installation process of running wires a bit more difficult.
Due to the fact that wireless alarm systems have become much more reliable you may want to consider this before installing a hardwired system in a finished home.
You may also want to consider how much easier it is to install a wireless system.
For more information on wireless systems please take a look at my wireless home security system web page.
Whatever you decide, the process of running wires in a finished home may be more difficult but certainly not impossible.
The first component that you want to install in your hardwired system is the systems control panel. The control panel is the brains of your alarm system & needs to be mounted in an obscure area that would make it difficult for an intruder to find.
Every wire in your system gets connected to your control panel so the obscure area you choose will need to be accessible for every wire you need to run.
The control panel is plugged into a house hold receptacle & if possible you should run an electrical wire from your electrical panel to the control panel so it is on its own circuit.
When running your systems wires you need to start at the control panel & run a wire to your sensors, keypad(s) & sounding device(s).
Some wires coming from the control panel may have to take a roundabout way to reach the component.
It's best not to secure any of the components in place until after the wire is run, in case you run in to difficulties (especially in a finished home) in getting the wire to come out exactly where you want it.
If this happens you may have to change exactly where you want to secure the component.
The wires that you will be running are small low voltage wires & you need to keep a few things in mind when running these wires.
Wires should never be stretched tight for any reason.
When bending wires to send them in a different direction, make sure there is a little slack in the wire to prevent any pulling.
If wires are to be secured to a wall or along a basement beam, make sure to use the appropriate wire staples for the wire you are securing.
If using a hammer to secure a staple over the wire you should try to use a hammer that is befitting to the size of the staple used.
Using the appropriate size hammer will make it less likely that you will damage the small alarm wire.
You will need to take your time hammering the staple over the wire to avoid missing the staple and hitting the wire.
If a wire gets any kind of a firm hit with a hammer, you should replace that wire. The copper wire inside may get a little flattened & this will create a hot spot in the wire.
You should receive installation instructions with your alarm system that you can follow to ensure that the connection to all components & sensors are properly connected.
When connecting wires to your control panel, you will need to know beforehand what security zones you want for your system.
Security zones are created so you can shut down parts of your system while the rest of your system remains fully operational.
For Example: If you are to have your system activated while you & other family members are at home, you will need a security zone that shuts down your motion detectors.
When you have any type of family activity in the area of an armed motion detector you will undoubtedly trigger a false alarm.
To get more detailed information on different security zones & the reasoning behind creating them, please check out my security zone web page.
The installation instructions for your system will show you that certain wires get connected to the same circuit that are part of a specific security zone you want to create.
You should decide on how many different security zones you want, before you purchase your security system.
Home alarm systems are limited on the amount of security zones that can be created, so you should ensure that the system you purchase is able to support the number of security zones you will need.
It is extremely important that you mount sounding devices for your system in an area that an intruder cannot easily access. You need to ensure the area you place an alarm does not reduce the sound level to the point the alarm becomes ineffective.
You should also consider installing an alarm up high on the front section of the exterior of your home. You will find most burglars will not enter a home where an alarm is sounding inside & out.
The wiring going to any alarm needs to be well protected so an intruder cannot easily neutralize it by cutting the wires.
The most appropriate location for your alarm systems keypad is just inside the exterior door that is most frequently used.
In doing this you also want to ensure that an intruder looking into a window or a glass in the door is unable to see the keypad.
Most alarm system keypads have a little LED light on the front of the keypad that lights up when the system is armed.
Most intruders know this, so if they have a clear view of your keypad from outside, they will will know if your system is armed or not.
If your budget will allow, you may want to install an additional keypad inside another exterior door or placing one in the master bedroom.
If an intruder was to break into your home while you are sleeping, looking at a keypad will display where your security was breached.
There are many extra components & devices available in today's market, that can be made part of a home security system.
I suggest that you test your system out completely & make sure everyone in your home who will be interacting with the system knows how to use it before you start adding any bells & whistles.
You may want to check out an article that is displayed on my home security advice web page about the problems that you may incur by building up your alarm system too quickly.
This DIY home alarm systems page provides information on installing hardwired systems, but if you're interested in installing a wireless system please go to my wireless home security kits web page.
I sincerely hope the above information was in some way helpful & beneficial for you. You may want to consider bookmarking this site as new & updated content is uploaded weekly.
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