Home Security Camera Setups
Installing Your Own Video Surveillance System!

This home security camera setups web page will provide you with detailed information on setting up a video surveillance system in your home.

Better technology & lower prices have many home owners increasing the security of their homes by installing a video surveillance system.

There is certainly no doubt that better technology & more affordable prices are good reasons for having a video surveillance system installed to better safeguard & protect your home & family.

Although you really need to ask yourself, is it the most effective security measure that needs to be implemented at this particular time?

When it comes to making a home more secure you need to realize that it is in you & your family’s best interest that other security measures be implemented before a video surveillance system is even considered.

Since this is so critical the next six paragraphs on this home security camera setups web page will explain why other security measures must be implemented first.

Home Security Camera Setups – Why Other Security Measures Need To Be Implemented Prior To A Video Surveillance System!

Many families have discovered that by having a video surveillance system installed in their home they are getting a better feeling of security & peace of mind.

This is a great added bonus for anyone installing a video surveillance system in their home as long as the better feeling of security they are receiving is not a false sense of security.

If the video surveillance system is been installed without the prior implementation of physical & electronic security measures, the feeling of better security will most certainly be a false sense of security.

A video surveillance system should not even be considered until all your physical security measures have been addressed & a home alarm system has been installed.

Most intruders will stay clear of a home where they see video surveillance cameras installed, but many intruders will hide their facial features & see if they can quickly gain access to the home.

Home invasion criminals will not worry about video surveillance cameras because they can destroy any video recordings once inside your home.

These are just a couple of reasons why you need physical & electronic security measures in place prior to installing a video surveillance system.

With much lower affordable pricing & new technical advancements many home owners are purchasing video surveillance systems without giving any thought of what it truly takes to make a home more secure.

Any feeling of security these home owners may receive from just a video surveillance system, would undoubtedly be a false sense of security.

Man Installing Lock On Exterior Door

If you truly want to make your home more secure for you & your family, you should spend your security dollars wisely & ensure the implementation of all physical security measures first.

Once this has been accomplished you have taken care of your first & most important line of defense & now you want to think about increasing that level of security by installing your second line of defense.

Your second line of defense consists of a home alarm system that protects all entry points into your home.

There are many home owners who receive a better feeling of security with an electronic alarm system installed in their home & for many of them it is really a false sense of security that they are getting.

It is unbelievable the vast number of home owners who have invested a large sum of money into a home security system & have totally ignored the most basic physical security measures.

A video surveillance system should only be considered after all physical & electronic security measures are implemented first, & a home alarm system should not be considered prior to implementing all physical security measures.

The remainder of this home security camera setups web page will provide you with 9 steps on obtaining & installing a video surveillance system for your home.

Home Security Camera Setups: End Of Why Physical & Electronic Security Measures Should Be Implemented First!

Home Security Camera Setups: Step 1 - A Cost Effective Approach In Obtaining All The Video Surveillance Components You Will Need!

Purchasing a video surveillance kit is usually less expensive than purchasing cameras & other components separately. You will find information on my home security cameras web page that will help you figure out what type of cameras you will need. You will also find information on the two different security DVRs that are used in video surveillance systems by visiting my computer DVR & my stand alone DVR web pages.

Video Surveillance Camera In Temperature Controlled Housing

Once you put together a complete list of everything you require you will want to look at various video surveillance kits in detail & try to find one that closely matches what you need.

You are unlikely to find a kit that exactly matches all of your requirements, but hopefully you can find one that has a good portion of what you need. This is the most cost effective approach that you can take, unless you purchase a kit with many things in it you don’t need.

You can always check out purchasing the components in the kit separately to the price of the kit to ensure this is the most cost effective way for you to purchase the components your require.

In adding up the price of the components in the kit separately you need to ensure that you don’t include any components that may be in the kit that you don’t need.

Home Security Camera Setups: End Of Step 1

Home Security Camera Setups: Step 2 – Choosing Video/Power Siamese Cable That Transmits The Video Single & Powers The Cameras!

This home security camera setups web page does not discuss installing wireless surveillance cameras in an outdoor environment. I strongly suggest that you do not use wireless cameras outside your home. I have personally tried several different models of wireless cameras outdoors & in bad weather they all performed poorly.

For additional information on wireless cameras please visit my wireless security cameras web page. Components that you need for a video surveillance system using wired cameras.

For each outdoor camera you install there are two different ways your video surveillance retailer can provide you with the cable you need:

• Most video surveillance retailers offer a few different length video cables with different connectors already connected to the wires for you.

This is the best way for you to purchase the cable you need unless the pre-selected cable lengths are not long enough, or you are left with a lot of unused cable because the length of the cables are much too long.

• You can purchase a long length of cable & cut of various lengths of cable that closely matches the correct length of the cables you will need.

If you choose this method you will have to purchase all the different connectors that are required & connect them to the cable yourself. Most video surveillance retailers sell the crimping tools you may need for connecting up any cable connectors.

Home Security Camera Setups: End Of Step 2

Home Security Camera Setups: Step 3 – Choosing The Most Appropriate Power Source For Your Video Surveillance Cameras!

If you are only installing 2 or 3 cameras, you may want to see if they can be plugged into a nearby receptacle using a DC adapter.

For the sake of 2 or 3 cameras you may also want to use in-line single coax cable surge protectors as these will protect your cameras & DVR from any high voltage surges.

If you are installing several cameras, it would be best to purchase a power distribution panel & connect the power cable from each camera to the panel.

Most wired surveillance cameras operate on 12 VDC & this is the voltage that the panel supplies each camera. The size of these DC power panels are measured by the number of channels it supports with each channel supporting one camera.

Video Surveillance Camera Mounted On Side Of Home

If you are installing 8 cameras you will need at least an 8 channel power supply. An 8 channel power supply will cost you around $100us., but you should always try to purchase a panel that can support a few more cameras than what you are presently installing.

This will make it a lot easier for you if you decide to add a few additional cameras at a later date. Most panels offer surge protection from any high voltage spikes.

With my own system I also plug the power panel into an APC surge protector & battery backup. If the power goes out, I want to have the cameras to record as long as possible, so I just plug the power supply & DVR into the battery backup & not the monitor to conserve on power.

If I need to see the monitor for some reason if the power fails, it will only take a few seconds to plug it into the battery backup.

Home Security Camera Setups: End Of Step 3

Home Security Camera Setups: Step 4 – Using Different Connectors In Wiring Up The Cameras!

Many video surveillance retailers will provide a video/power Siamese cable as mentioned above & this cable has two smaller cables inside. The smaller cable of the two cables inside is the one to be used for delivering power to your cameras.

For best results & to minimize any voltage drop the smaller cable should not be less than 18 gauge in thickness. If you are not familiar with how gauge thickness is measured please remember the lower the gauge the thicker the wire.

If you are purchasing a kit or everything you need from the one retailer, they will know what cable & cable connectors you will need.

RCA & BNC Cabl Connectors

On the camera end you will likely need 1 RCA connector that will carry the video feed directly to the DVR & 1 power connector (DC jack) that will supply power to the camera directly from the power panel.

The video cable end that gets connected to the DVR in most cases will require you to connect up the male section of a BNC cable connector.

BNC connectors are very reliable & widely used in the video & RF transmission industry. BNC just stands for the names of the people who designed the connector (Bayonet/Neil/Concelman).

Home Security Camera Setups: End Of Step 4

Home Security Camera Setups: Step 5 – How To View What Your Cameras See From Anywhere In The World!

If you have an Internet router already operating in your home you need to purchase a category 5e Ethernet cable. Plug one end of the cable into the back of the DVR & the other end needs to be plugged into one of the empty channels on the back of your Internet router. If you do not have an Internet router you can set up your network using a high speed modem.

You should receive step by step instructions from your video surveillance retailer on what you will have to do in setting up the various network settings for your DVR.

The step by step instructions on how to enter the various network settings may be somewhat different depending on the type of DVR you purchase.

With a computer DVR, the step by step setup instructions may also differ depending on what operating system is been used.

If you need information on stand-alone & computer based DVRs please visit my stand alone DVR & my computer DVR web pages.

Home Security Camera Setups: End Of Step 5

Home Security Camera Setups: Step 6 – Figuring Out The Best Places Outside Your Home To Setup Your Video Surveillance Cameras!

When installing video surveillance cameras outside your home the first places you may want to look at covering, are all areas outside each entry door to your home.

When positioning your cameras to cover these areas please do not install cameras directly above a door way, pointing down.

Video Surveillance Camera Mounted On Side Of Hom

You need to install the camera above the door, but the camera needs to capture the presence of someone outside your door on an angle & not straight down.

You should try & position the surveillance camera above the door, but at least ten feet to the right or left of the door.

If you are not installing enough cameras to cover all areas around your home, you should try to cover any areas that cannot be seen by neighbors or anyone from a public area.

When covering an area like this, there are a couple of things you will want to consider. Areas that cannot be seen by neighbors or from a public area are exactly what intruders look for so they can break-in unobserved.

If this is an area where there is not a lot of foot traffic, you may want to try to keep people & animals out by constructing some fencing & a locked gate.

It this is something that can easily be accomplished, the software in your DVR lets you set up motion alerts where your system will email or page you if any camera of your choosing detects motion.

The fencing & locked gate prevents intruders & anyone else from wandering into a particular area around your home & if an intruder climbs over the fence their motion will be detected by the camera.

You will also receive an immediate page from your surveillance system informing you that motion has been detected in that area.

Motion Activated Security Lights Mounted On Brick Home

Outdoor lighting can help you see more clearly what is happening outside your home at night, but it is best to have the lighting positioned behind the camera.

If possible you may want to try casting the light in the same direction as the camera or at the least illuminate the cameras FOV (Field of View).

Sometimes exterior lighting cannot be positioned behind a camera, so in these situations you want to ensure any outside lighting does not shine directly into the lens of any of your surveillance cameras.

If the camera cannot be positioned behind the light you may want to try & position the camera above the light(s) with the light(s) pointing away from the camera towards the ground.

Home Security Camera Setups: End Of Step 6

Home Security Camera Setups: Step 7 – Reasons Why You May Want To Consider Installing Surveillance Cameras Inside Your Home!

Many video surveillance retailers have been experiencing a very noticeable increase in the number of nanny cameras that they have sold over the past 3 or 4 years.

This is mainly due to more affordable pricing & the technology of parents being able to see what is happening with their kids & their caregiver, from anywhere outside the home by logging on to the Internet.

To get detailed information on different types of nanny cameras that can operate as a stand-alone unit or as part of your video surveillance system, please visit my nanny cameras web page.

Dome Video Surveillance Camer

Everyone’s situation is different & there could be many different reasons why a home owner may choose to install surveillance cameras inside their home.

I have placed a few cameras inside my home so I can receive notification from an independent source that my home has been broken into.

Receiving notification from two sources that are totally independent of one another lets me know that it is not a false alarm. Informing the police that is not a false alarm should have them respond to my home immediately.

The only surveillance cameras in my system that I have setup to notify me when they detect motion are the cameras inside my home.

Monitoring companies will call your home first to see if it is a possible false alarm before dispatching police to your home. The first two numbers that my monitoring company will call are my wife’s & my cell phones.

Receiving immediate notification that a video camera inside our home has detected motion & receiving a call from the central station that monitors our alarm, lets us know it is not a false alarm.

This will work the same for anyone who chooses to have a telephone dialler system to notify them when their alarm has been triggered.

If you call the police & quickly informed them that you just received notice from two totally independent sources, they should agree that it is not a false alarm & dispatch police to your home immediately.

Home Security Camera Setups: End Of Step 7

Home Security Camera Setups: Step 8 – Finding The Best Way To Run All Your Video Cables In Your Home!

Placing a few different cable connectors on the various cables or hooking up power cables to a row of screw terminals inside your power panel is the quick & easy part of installing a video surveillance system.

The most difficult & challenging part of this operation is finding the best way to run all your camera cables from point “A” to point “B”.

If you own a one story style home you may be looking at installing a few dome style cameras under the eaves of your roof & if so you will have to run some video cable through your attic.

Video Surveillance Camer

When it comes to running cable through your attic your local building code may dictate how this should be done.

If they have any regulations on running cable for surveillance cameras, the regulations would probably just revolve around ways in protecting the wires from being damaged.

Video cable uses such a low voltage, that some building codes may not even list any regulations, but it is always best to check.

When it comes to running any type of wiring in your home, you really should follow the regulations set out in the building code that covers your area.

Most of the time there is some good reason why certain regulations have been created.

The last thing you want is for a fire to break out in your home & have an insurance company investigator try to short change you because building code requirements have not been followed.

Once you find out how you are going to run the cables in your attic you will need to choose a place where each camera cable will meet so you can send them to the next floor bundled together.

Prior to running all the video cable to a precise area in your attic, you will want to make sure that there will be no problem in sending the cable to the floor below.

There are a three ways you can go about sending the cable to the floor below:

Home Security Camera Setups: 1st Option Running Cable Through Walls!

• The best way to do this would be to send the cable to the floor below inside the wall. It is always much easier running cables through Interior walls because of the insulation inside of the home’s exterior walls.

In the attic you should be able to see the top of all the walls in all the rooms in the floor directly below. Depending on how much insulation you have in your homes attic, you may need to move some insulation to see the top wall plates for the rooms below.

If you have an unfinished basement you will see where the bottoms of the walls are because longer nails were used to nail the bottom plate to the floor.

You should be able to drill a hole in the top plate in the attic & drill up into the bottom plate from the basement & send any cable from the attic to the basement inside the wall.

If your video surveillance setup is on the main floor you will want to make a small hole in the wall just above the baseboard & fish the cable out of the wall. You should try sending the cable inside the wall first as it is really not a hard task to accomplish.

Home Security Camera Setups: End Of First Option

Home Security Camera Setups: 2nd Option Running Cable Through Closet.

• If you run into a problem in doing this, you may want to see where the closest closet is in your home to where you will be locating your surveillance equipment.

You can drill a hole up into your attic from any corner inside a closet & run your video cable down the wall & then send it through the wall of the closet. This is not the best way to run your cable, but it may be your best option.

If the closet is not as close as you would like to the area where you have your surveillance equipment set up, you may want to send the cables below the closet floor if you have a non-finished basement.

You can then run the cables to the area where you want to drill up inside the wall, so you can guide the cables up into the wall & have them come out exactly where you want.

Home Security Camera Setups: End Of Second Option

Home Security Camera Setups: 3rd Option Running Cable Down Interior Walls Covering It With A Cable Cover Or Inside Track!

• Your third & last option would be to run the cable down the finished interior wall covered over with a cable cover or send it through a cable track that is fastened to the wall.

This is an option hopefully you won’t have to use, because neither the cable cover nor cable track is something you want to view running down your wall.

Video Surveillance Camera On Side Of Hom

To run cable from one floor to the next some people have ran it through a metal conduit that they have fastened to one of the exterior walls of their home.

As you can see you have a few options that you could use in running your cable to where you need it. The first option is the best method, running the cable inside the wall.

Your 2nd option running your cable inside a closet is not quite as good as being able to run it inside the wall but it is certainly better than option 3 of surface mounting the cable to an interior or exterior wall.

Home Security Camera Setups: End Of Third & Final Option & End Of Step 8

Home Security Camera Setups: Step 9 – Setting Up Surveillance Cameras!

If you need to capture a wide area for a single camera the size of this area needs to be communicated to the retailer you are purchasing your cameras from, so the most appropriate lens for that camera is chosen.

If you are purchasing your cameras in a kit you still should be able to pay a little extra & get a wider lens for a camera to make it more suitable for your needs. Most of these video surveillance retailers are more than willing to help you with what you need & to answer any questions you may have.

You need to address and deal with any concerns you may have prior to purchasing, so you don’t end up with something that is not suitable for your needs.

All your surveillance cameras should come with mounting hardware that make it easy for mounting cameras where you want them. Many fixed cameras will need focusing adjustments on the camera itself when you first mount the camera in place.

To make focusing adjustments on the camera before its protective cover is secured in place, you may need to find someone that can help you with this task. If you have a lap top you will find it a great help by plugging your cameras into it while making your focal adjustments.

Your helper will need to climb up the ladder & make focusing adjustments while you are on the ground looking at the laptop screen, communicating with your helper what adjustments are helping & what ones are not.

One adjustment will make your view narrower or wider & most people try to view as much as possible with a single camera so they use this setting to take in a wider view. The other setting will help bring in a clear focus of that wider view.

If this setting cannot provide you with a clear focus of what is being viewed, you will need to go back to your first adjustment & make the wider view a little bit narrower. You may have to go back & forth several times before you find what is going to give you the best picture possible.

Warning Sign Premises Protected By Video Surveillance Cameras

If you do not have a laptop that you can use for this exercise you will need a couple of 2 way radios or a couple of telephones so you can communicate with the individual who will be helping you.

While he/she is making focusing adjustments you will be inside viewing the video surveillance monitor & communicating with your helper about the effects of the different adjustments.

Once the most appropriate adjustments are made the adjustments can be tightened in place so they don’t move. Most cameras that I have made adjustments to over the years came with an Allen Key to tighten the final focal adjustments in place but some had a small set screw that required a Phillips screw driver.

Home Security Camera Setups: End Step 9

I sincerely hope that the information you have just reviewed on this home security camera setups web page will be of some benefit to you, as you install your own video surveillance system.

You may want to consider bookmarking this site as new & updated content is uploaded weekly.


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